sabato 30 novembre 2013

MAROCCO | BERNARD ROUGET

MAROC ANNÉES 40 À 70

Bernard Rouget a vécu une grande partie de sa vie au Maroc. Il a réalisé de très nombreuses photographies et publié plusieurs livres sur ce sujet. Son amour inconditionnel de ce pays a donné naissance à des milliers de clichés de très grande facture où le sens de l’instantané s’imprime en longévité sur les époques. Une vision d’un certain Maroc ni orientaliste, ni résolument moderne, mais une approche humaine de ce pays. (source La Gazette Du Maroc)

$(KGrHqN,!k0FBSJ PEU-BQeSywEkBw~~60_12Jeune femme marocaine, circa 1940. Jeune femme marocaine, circa 1940.

Maroc. Agadir. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Agadir. Circa 1960

Maroc. Casablanca. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Casablanca.  Circa 1960

Maroc. Dades. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Dades.  Circa 1960

Bernard Rouget was born on July 30th 1914. He can't know his father who went to fight on August 5th next and killed to the enemy on September 26th, that is to say less than 2 months after his birth.
He follows the courses of the School of journalism in the catholic Faculty of Lille and, at the same time, prepares a licence of philosophy since 1937.
Then he comes to Paris, and attends, during the next two years, the lectures of the faculty of Sorbonne and Catholic faculty, while being a Master of Study to the Stanislas College disciplines of the Faculty of Arts. At the end of the school year 1939, he gets his arts degree.
After the declaration of war in September 1939, he obeys the family traditions while going voluntary for the air Force. For the military doctors, he is recognized suited to the Flight Crew. On the same day, he gets an attack of asthma at the hospital where the commission of Tours declares that he is inapt for the combatant service.
However, because of his insistence, the colonel, chair this commission agrees to postpone his decision and allows him to go to Bordeaux Meyrignac, meeting point of the french air force.

Maroc. Fes. Tirage argentique d'époque.  Circa 1960. Maroc. Fes.   Circa 1960.

Maroc. Fes. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960. Maroc. Fes. Circa 1960.

Maroc. Khenifra. Circa 1960 Maroc. Khenifra. Circa 1960

Maroc. Les Laveurs de Linge. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1950 Maroc. Les Laveurs de Linge.  Circa 1950

Maroc. Marrakech. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960. Maroc. Marrakech. Circa 1960.

At the armistice of June 1940, he flies for the Moroccan air force. He will stay 34 years in this country. First, he creates, for the department of youth and sports, the weekly magazine “youth.”Then, during the year 1943, after the landing of the american army on November 8th 1942, for which he had been sounded one week before by General Bethouart, he becomes director of the magazine “Morocco 1943”. When Morocco starts to fight with France against Germany, he is enrolled and attached to the cabinet of the General Resident in this country, then to the General, who was in charge of the Air Force in Algiers. During the campaign of the french army, in Africa, he takes part in the landing. He is attached to the State Major of the 11th brigade of bombardment, the “marauders”, with which he takes part in war missions. He writes a book about that subject :”the marauders” 1944-1945”.He ends, during the year 1945, his military career, as reserve officer in the staff of the general who is in charge of the Flying schools air force in Paris. He comes back to Morocco in 1946 and creates the weekly magazine “Africa”, in which he supports ambassador Erik Labonne, General Resident, who was working for a better understanding between France and Morocco.
General Juin, who comes after, does not agree with these ideas anymore. Pressure, to evict him from his job of Director and chief editor, were put on the owner of the newspaper. These facts are related by Charles André Julien in his book “Morocco in front of the imperialisms”. He creates a press agency, to edit and publish photographies, because he wanted to stay in the country and could not practise his job anymore. He has a great success. 2 books are published in Switzerland with its photographs and magazines.
At the end of the war, as Mohammed V comes back, he works for him as a journalist and follows him in the Middle-East and the Mecca. At that time, he makes several films, which fix this period for the History. An editing, which is a part of the 5000 meters of films is presented to the public by “Connaissance du monde” in the salle Pleyel in Paris and also in Morocco.

Maroc. Mazagan. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Mazagan. Circa 1960

Maroc. Meknes. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Meknes. Circa 1960

Maroc. Mogador. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Mogador. Circa 1960

Maroc. Moyen Atlas.  Circa 1960 Maroc. Moyen Atlas.  Circa 1960

Maroc. Ouezzane. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Ouezzane. Circa 1960

Bernard Rouget has produced many other films, among which some of them for the king of Morocco to the cabinet of which he is attached in 1965.
As he comes back to France, he settles down in Saint-Paul de Vence. It would bring us too far to give the list of the distinctions of Bernard Rouget. I shall mention only “Impressions marocaines”, “trois villes saintes du Maroc”, “Maroc, Pierres et âmes”, “Voyages à travers l'histoire du Maroc” and mainly his “Bonaparte à Nice”, prefaced by Armand Lanoux, and a booklet published in Marseille, with his photographs and texts written by Edmonde Charles Roux and Jean François Bory.
The end of the year 1982 brings him an important consecration. His photographs are exposed in one of the best galleries in Marseille, as part of the “L'Orient des Provençaux”, which celebrates the artistic and litterary works of France in the East. His pictures were shown everywhere in France, because the newspapers gave him a large audience.
Bernard Rouget de Conigliano is deceased in Saint Paul de Vence on August 22th 1988. He is buried in the cemetery of Vence. - François Rouget de Gourcez.

Maroc. Portrait de jeune Fille. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1950 Maroc. Portrait de jeune Fille. Circa 1950

Maroc. Rabat.  Circa 1960 Maroc. Rabat.  Circa 1960

Maroc. Safi. Tirage argentique d'époque. Tampon au dos. Circa 1960 Maroc. Safi. Circa 1960

Maroc. Scène de Marché. Tirage argentique d'époque. Circa 1930 Maroc. Scène de Marché. Circa 1930

Maroc. Sebou. Circa 1960. Maroc. Sebou. Circa 1960.

All images © Bernard Rouget

photo’s credit : madeleine.rouget

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